Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMO)

HOUSES IN MULTIPLE OCCUPATION (HMO)


The Housing Act 2004 provides a definition of what constitutes a HMO.

A HMO means a building (or part of a building, such as a flat), that:

  • is occupied by more than one household and where more than one household shares, or lacks an amenity, such as a bathroom, toilet or cooking facilities
  • is occupied by more than one household and which is a converted building, but not entirely into self-contained flats (whether or not some amenities are shared or lacking)
  • is converted self-contained flats, but does not meet as a minimum standard the requirements of the Building Regulations 1991, and at least one third of flats are occupied under short tenancies.

A HMO requires a mandatory property licence when all the below apply:

  • the HMO or any part of the building comprises of 3 storeys or more
  • it is occupied by 5 or more persons regardless of age from 2 or more households
  • tenants are living in the property as their main or only residence
  • there are shared facilities such as kitchen, bathroom and or toilet

On October 1, 2018, The Licensing of Houses in Multiple Occupation (Prescribed Description) (England) Order 2018, comes into effect and amends the definition of a HMO by removing the number of storeys from the licensable HMO criteria. This will mean that both two and single storey properties and a purpose built self-contained flat situated in a block comprising of no more than two self-contained flats, will now also require a licence where they are occupied by 5 or more persons, living in two or more separate households, with the sharing of amenities.

Here you can find more information about Houses in Multiple Occupation

Small Houses in Multiple Occupation

The Council has made a "Small Houses in Multiple Occupation Article 4 Direction," under planning legislation. This applies to the whole of the Council area and came into effect on the September 14, 2017. The effect of the Article 4 Direction, is that planning permission is now required for a change of use from a dwelling house to a House in Multiple Occupation to accommodate between 3 and 6 persons. This is irrespective of whether the property is licensable as a HMO.

Here you can find out more about the Small Houses in Multiple Occupation Article 4 Direction

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